Category: Blog

Byte Insight


Python Turtle is based on the Logo Programming Language that has been used as a popular way of teaching children programming for many years.  

Zumo Motors

The Zumo Shield libraries provide basic motor operation consisting of PWM speed control and direction.  

Zumo Lines

The Zumo Robot Shield can be fitted with a Reflectance Sensor Array that allows it to solve different line/maze style problems. The Zumo Shield libraries provide methods to help read values from the sensor array. Packages and installation instructions can be downloaded from GitHub and once installed the sensor library can be included from Sketch > Include Library.  The sensor array uses the QTR sensors and therefore their library must also be included (installed as standard).


The Arduino Serial functionality can be used for both debugging and sending data to and from the device via other communication channels such as BlueTooth.

Zumo Inertia

The Zumo Robot is fitted with a set of Inertia Sensors that can be used to detect collisions and determine bearings/direction. The later 1.2v of the Zumo Shield includes a Gyroscope.  

MySql – Feedback

Getting helpful feedback from MySQL when it errors is possible if you use the following:

mysql_query($sql) or die('Some useful message:' . mysql_error() );

MySql – Relationships

Dealing with relationships in MySql is not as straightforward as either MS Access or as you would have hoped for. Creating simple primary keys isn’t too difficult

TKinter Drawing

TKinter is the easiest way to get drawing in Python.

Tkinter Events

Tkinter employs a type of programming called Event-Driven which means that the program runs in a endless loop waiting for things (events) to happen.  In order for the program to respond to these events it needs to know what to listen for.  


It is not uncommon to use time (or dates) or programs in some way or another.   If you are writing games you might want to record how long something takes or give the player a restricted amount of time.  Thankfully Python has some pretty good libraries (datetime, time) to help you.